GER 105 -- The Plan

  Germany

Kapitel 2

If you have been here before and know where you want to go, select from the following options. If you are new here, start at the beginning and scroll through the entire lesson. The assignments page will tell you which exercises to submit. Assignments.

Stem-change verbs

Du-imperative

Accusative case

 Possessive adjectives

( Seite 104) --- The present tense of stem-vowel changing verbs

Again I'm going to jump around a bit. We will start near the end of the grammar discussions in the lovely lilac pages. Here we have a slight variation on the basic verb conjugation. Study the discussion and make particular note of the new vocabulary. Note that the vowel change takes place only in the du and er,sie, es forms of the verb. We will reinforce this vowel-change concept and the vocabulary through a series of exercises.

Even though this section lists a number of new verbs, I will include the new items here.

a > ä

fahren = to travel, to drive (cars, etc.), to ride (bikes, motorcycles, etc. but not horses)
schlafen = to sleep
tragen = to carry, to wear
waschen = to wash
einladen = to invite (separable-prefix verb)

au > äu

laufen = to run

e > i

essen = to eat
geben = to give
sprechen = to speak
treffen = to meet
vergessen = to forget (not a separable-prefix verb)

e > ie

lesen = to read
sehen = to see
fernsehen = to watch TV (This is a fun separable-prefix verb. Sehen = to see, and fern = far, so to watch TV is to see far.)

(Seite 105) --- Übung 8 -- Minidialoge

Here's another fill in the blank exercise. This time you need to supply the appropriate subject pronoun. If you need to figure out what is being said, check the English page. In addition to simply inserting the proper pronoun, it would be a good idea to work on creating the entire sentences in German from the English equivalent. Note the use of gern and lieber in these sentences. We have already used gern to indicate liking to do something. Lieber is used to show preference. For example,

Ich spiele gern Tennis. = I like to play tennis.
Ich spiele lieber Tennis. = I prefer to play tennis.

English sentences

German sentences

(Seite 105) --- Übung 9 -- Jens und Jutta

In this exercise you need to put the proper verb in the right form in the blank. Use each verb the specified number of times. Check the English page if you have troubles figuring out what is being said. In addition to simply inserting the proper form of the appropriate verb, it would be a good idea practice creating the entire sentences in German from the English equivalent. Note that all of the verbs except machen (to make, to do) are stem-vowel change verbs. Watch for the du and er,sie,es forms.

English sentences

German sentences

(Seite 106) --- Übung 10 -- Was machen Sie gern? (What do you like to do?)

Use the first pronoun to say what you like to do. Then use the second pronoun to ask what the person(s) you are talking to like to do. If all is not clear, check the English sentences. All of the verbs are stem-vowel changing verbs, and einladen and fernsehen are also separable-prefix verbs.

English statements and questions

German statements and questions

(Seite 87) --- Grammatik 2.6 Vergnügen (pleasure)

You will be expected to describe the pictures in German. Check the English sentences to make sure you know what is being said. Since all of these sentences use he or she as the subject, you must make the stem-vowel change. The English sentences will become an exam page.

English sentences

(Seite 87) --- Situation 10 -- Interview: Was machst du lieber? (What do you prefer?)

Use gern to indicate you like to do something; use lieber to show that you prefer something. Make sure that you understand the following sentences.

English sentences

(Seite 89) --- Situation 16 -- Bildesgeschichte: Ein Tag in Sylvias Leben (A day in Sylvia's life)

You will be expected to describe the pictures in German. Check the English sentences to make sure you know what is being said. The English sentences will become an exam page.

English sentences

German sentences

(Seite 106) --- Asking people to do things: the du-imperative

Study the formation of the familiar singular command form and do exercise 11.

(Seite 107) --- Übung 11 -- Probleme, probleme (problems, problems)

Peter is speaking with Helen about his problems. Heidi tells him what he should do. Choose an appropriate response to each problem. If you have any questions about meaning, check out the English equivalents. Again, the page of English sentences might become an exam page.

Note the following new vocabulary items.

ganz = entire, whole
den ganzen Tag = all day, the whole day
zu viel = too much
zu dick = too fat, thick
langweilig = boring
aufschreiben = to write down (separable-prefix verb)
das Fahrrad = bike, bicycle
ein Pullover = a sweater
Sport treiben = to do sports

English combinations

German combinations

(Seite 107) --- Übung 12 -- Ach, diese Geschwister! (Oh, these siblings!)

In this exercise, your little brother is doing everything wrong (falsch). Tell him what he should do. Choose an appropriate response to each problem. If you have any questions about meaning, check out the English equivalents. Again, the page of English sentences might become an exam page.

Note much new vocabulary here.

mit vollem Mund = with a full mouth
seine Brille = his glasses
nie = never
zu viel = too much
so viel = so much
kein = no, none

English sentences

German sentenses

(Seite 107) --- Übung 13 -- Vorschläge (Suggestions)

Make suggestion to your friend. Using the du-imperative form of the verb given, make suggestions. Check the English sentences if you have any questions about what you are supposed to be saying in German.

English sentences

German sentenses

(Seite 98) --- 2.1 The Accusative case

It's time to do something a little different. In this section we discuss the difference between the nominative case and the accusative case.

As the text points out, the nominative case refers to a noun used as the subject of a sentence, or simply in a vocabulary list. The der (masc), die (fem), das (neuter), and die (plural) that we have been using already are the nominative case articles.

The accusative refers to a noun used as the direct object of the sentence. I know that this terminology means nothing to many of you, so I will play English teacher for a moment. In the sample sentences, Jutta and Jens are the subjects of the sentences. They are the people doing something. The direct object receives the action of the verb. In these sentences has and buys are the verbs. The direct object is what the subject has or buys. Has what? An alarm clock. Buys what? Buys a lamp. For the masculine, the accusative (direct object) takes a different form of the or a. The sample sentence just below the box is a good example.

In the first sentence, Teppich is the subject, so we use der. In the second sentence, Teppich is the direct object, the thing you are going to buy. Buy what? The rug. For the masculine direct object, we must use den instead of der and einen instead of ein.

For feminine, neuter, and plurals nouns, there is no difference between the nominative and accusative forms of the articles.

(Seite 80) --- Grammatik 2.1 - 2.2 -- Besitz (Possessions)

Let's move back to page 80 to pick up some new vocabulary. Notice here that masculine nouns use der (the nominative form) because we are simply listing vocabulary. Make sure that you know the following vocab.

das Klavier = the piano
die Bilder = the pictures (Remember that die is used for plurals as well as feminines.)
das Regal = bookcase, book shelves
das Radio = radio
der Wecker = alarm clock
der Schrank = closet
die Lampe = lamp
der Schreibtisch = desk (writing table)
der Stuhl = chair
das Bett = bed
die Gitarre = guitar
der Fernseher = TV set (far seer)
der Teppich = rug, carpet
der Sessel = armchair
die Bücher = books
das Telefon = telephone

(Seite 80) --- Situation 1 -- Hast du eine Gitarre? (Do you have a guitar?)

Notice that the accusative is being used with these vocabulary items because they are asking the question: has what? The -en ending (einen) is used for the masculine nouns, corresponding to the den we used earlier. Anything using ein here is masculine, and eine is used for feminine. Plurals don't use any form of ein, simply because we don't say a if there is more than one. Most of the vocabulary in this section is a gift. It's almost English.

das Motorrad = a motorcyle (das Rad = wheel)
der Rücksack = a backpack (from Rücken = back and sack = sack, bag)
der Videorekorder = VCR
die Sonnebrille = sunglasses (eine Brille = glasses, singular noun in German)
der Schlafsack = a sleeping bag
der Traininganzug = sweats (der Anzug = suit)
der Pullover = a sweater
der Kassettenrekorder = a cassette recorder
der Schlitten = a sled
Schlittschuhe = ice skates (der Schlittschuh)

(Seite 82) --- Grammatik 2.3

More vocab. This is simply a listing of vocabulary, so the nominative case is used.

der Tennischläger = tennis racket (schlagen = to beat, to hit)
der Hund = dog
die Armbanduhr = wrist watch (armband clock)
der Koffer = suitcase,
das Faxgerät = fax machine (das Gerät = appliance)
das Handy = cellular phone
das Kochbuch = cookbook
der Computer = computer
der CD-spieler = CD player
Skier = skis (der Ski singular, to ski = Ski laufen)

(Seite 82) --- Situation 4 -- Was möchten sie? (What would they like?) and

(Seite 83) --- Situation 5 -- Was möchtest du zum Guburstag? (What would you like for your birthday?)

They would like what? You would like what? Ah! The answer will be a direct object and will require the accusative case. For that reason, a few of the items in these two exercises will have einen which indicates the masculine direct object. Again, ein is used with neuter nouns, and eine with the feminine. We also have a handful of new vocabulary items.

das Auto = car, automobile
das Surfbrett =surfboard
das Fahrrad = bike, bicycle (fahren = to travel and Rad = wheel)
die Katze = cat
das Haus = house

Use the following pages to practice the vocabulary we have encountered in these sections.

(Page 80) --- Besitz - 1

Exam page

(Page 80) --- Besitz - 2

Exam page

(Pages 82-83) --- Besitz - 3

Exam page

(Seiten 98 - 99) --- Übung 1 -- Im Kaufhaus (In the department store)

and Übung 2 -- Ihr Zimmer (Your room)

These exercises tell us what people are buying (kaufen = to buy) or having. We don't need to play their entire game here. We simply need to note that anything masculine that is purchased or had becomes den or einen instead of der or ein because we are using the accusative case for the direct object. Feminine (die) and neuter (das) do not change in the accusative.

(Seite 99) --- 2.2 The negative article: kein, keine

Perhaps the main thing to keep in mind while using the negative article kein (keine, keinen) meaning not any, not a, no is that this use of the German negative does not correspond to the English negative. The expressions aren't any, doesn't have, etc. do not exist in German. German simply puts in a negative expression for a, an, or some.

Note the examples. German comes out like

There are some windows. --There are no windows.

Stefan has a desk. -- Stefan has no desk.

Katrin has a closet. -- Katrin has no closet.

She has pictures on the wall. -- She has no pictures on the wall.

(Seite 100) --- Übung 3 -- Vergleiche (comparisons)

Who has what? What do you have?

We will just study the Modell for this exercise. Ein (neuter), eine (feminine), einen (masculine) are used to show that Albert has an item. Note that German simply uses the corresponding negative form (kein, keine, keinen) to indicate that he doesn't have the item, that is, he has no item.

(Seite 100) --- What would you like? Ich möchte ...

Here we have a new verb. Note in the form of möchte that the er, sie, es form does not have the t ending, but an e ending. This is the only irregularity in its verb forms. The point of the exercise is to recognize that möchte is going to take a direct object; therefore, the accusative case will be used and all masculine nouns will use einen.

(Seite 101) --- Possessive adjectives

We have already encounter a few possessive adjectives:]

my = mein, meine, meinen

your (familiar) = dein, deine, deinen

your (formal) = Ihr, Ihre, Ihren

Now we will add

ihr (with a small i), ihre, ihren = her or their

sein, seine, seinen = his

unser, unsere, unseren = our

euer, eure, euren = your (familiar plural, that is belonging to you guys)

We will do a couple of exercises using the full slate of possessive adjectives, but before working on these exercises, check out Grammatik 2.4 - 2.5 on page 85. I won't ask you to reproduce this page, but you should know what everything means.

1. How do you find my scarf? -- Very pretty.

2. How do you find my watch? -- Man, it's ugly.

3. How do you find my ring? -- Really (fully) cool, man

4. How do you find my shoes? -- Quite good.

5. How do you find her bracelet? -- Rather boring.

6. Her necklace is really pretty? -- You think so? (You find?_

7. His earrings are pretty, aren't they? -- Yes, but somewhat long.

8. How do you find his haircut? -- Great.

(Seite 103) --- Übung 5 -- Hans und Helga

Describe Hans und Helga. Check the English sentences to make sure you know what is going on, and then check your answers.

English sentences

Answers

Exam page

(Seite 104) --- Übung 7 -- Flohmark (flea market)

Everybody is selling something. (Verkaufen = to sell.) Using the materials given, I have created a number of sentences indicating who is selling what. Go to the English sentences and create the German equivalents. Check your answers, making sure that you have the right forms of the right possessives.

English sentences

Answers

Exam page