FREN 105 -- The Plan


Leçon 9

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Mise en oeuvre



Il y a


 à + le, la, l', les

Faire du sport/jouer

Stress pronouns


 Pleuvoir, pleurer

Il reste ...





Your first assignment for French in Action leçon 9 is simply going to be a part of your review of the introduction and lessons 2 - 8. I won't ask you to write out and send me all of these pages but work on these until you can do them without looking at the French sheet. When you can do that, you are ready for the review portion of the exam.

Review questions and answers 

Description of Mireille  

Description of Robert  


Révision - questions et réponses

Déscription de Mireille

Déscription de Robert

Remember! Language study is a cumulative thing, and not a collection of isolated units. I will expect you to remember all of the earlier material as we proceed from lesson to lesson.


Read the story line in the text and refer to the vocabulary as needed. On an exam, you should be able to give the English equivalent of anything found in the story line.

Leçon 9 - Text Vocabulary

Text translation

Mise en oeuvre

We will also have, of course, questions covering the leçon 9 story line. The Mise en oeuvre section concentrates on the major elements of the story, and you will be expected to be able to give the French equivalent of the story line questions and answers. Your exam materials will be taken from the following.

Leçon 9 -- Questions in English

* Leçon 9 -- Questions and answers in English

Leçon 9 -- Questions en français

Leçon 9 -- Questions et réponses en français


As usual, you will be expected to describe the pictures in the workbook. (W 103) Click on Images for the French descriptions and the English equivalents.

* Images


We also need to consider several exercises in the workbook. Again, I will provide discussions of the exercises and links to the answers and English equivalents. Selected exercises will appear on your exam. Check the exam description for details.

(W 105) --- 9.7 -- Observation: Le temps qui passe; il y a

This observation deals with the new meaning we have for the expression il y a in this lesson. Il y a normally means there is or there are. Here, when used with a time expression, il y a means ago. The examples in the workbook then have the following meanings.

Il y a deux ans --- two years ago

Il y a quatre ans --- four years ago

Il y a dix-huit ans --- eighteen years ago

Il y a une heure --- an hour ago

Il y a cinq minutes --- five minutes ago

(W 105) --- 9.8 -- Observation: Adjectifs possessifs

We have already been using a few possessive adjectives, but we need to look at them in some detail. Before studying the possessives in this lesson, however, we need to go back to lesson 8 to review other possessives.

(W 93) --- 8.16 -- Observation; Possessifs; mon, ma, mes

There are three words in French meaning my. Mon is used with masculine nouns and feminine nouns starting with a vowel. Ma is used with feminine nouns starting with a consonant, and mes is used with plural nouns. Thus, in the box, we have the following:

Mon cousin --- my male cousin

Ma cousine --- my female cousin

Mon arrière-grand-mère --- my great grandmother. (feminine, but starting with a vowel)

Mes cousins --- my male cousins

Mes cousines --- my females cousines

(W 93) --- 8.17 -- Possessifs; mon, ma, mes

You are Mireille. Someone is asking you who all these people are. Answers the questions with the appropriate word for my; mon, ma, mes. Click below for my commentary as well as the answers and English equivalents.

* Exercise 17

(W 93) --- 8.18 -- Observation: Possessifs; ton, ta, tes

There are also three words meaning your (familiar - used when you are using tu) These are ton, ta, tes, and they are used in the same way that you use mon, ma, and mes.

(W 94) --- 8.19 -- Possessifs; ton, ta, tes

Here, Mireille seems to be suffering from some kind of memory lapse. She is asking us who her family members are. We answer in the familiar with a form of your: ton, ta, tes. I have provided a commentary along with the answers and English equivalents.

* Exercise 19

(W 94) --- 8.20 -- Observation: possessifs; son, sa, ses

Same game. There are three words meaning his or her: son, sa, ses. The rules are the same. The main thing you need to watch here is that each word can mean either his or her, depending on the context. So, son cousin can mean either his cousin or her cousin, etc.

(W 94) --- 8.21 -- Possessifs; son, sa, ses

Here we have the same questions about the family members, but we are talking about Mireille and will use the appropriate form of her: son, sa, ses.

* Exercise 21

(W 95) --- 8.23 -- Possessifs: mon, ton, son, ma, ta, sa, mes, tes, ses

This exercise uses a variety of forms of my, your, his, or her. You have to pay particular attention to the questions to see if we are talking to Mireille or about her, or if Mireille is talking about herself and her family. This exercise could appear in it's workbook form on the lesson exam.

* Exercise 23

(W 105) --- 9.8 -- Observation: Adjectifs possessifs; notre, votre, leur, nos, vos, leurs. Now we have the possessive adjectives for our, your (formal) and their. For these possessives we don't have to worry about different masculine and feminine forms in the singular; we just a form followed by a singular noun and a form followed by a plural noun.

They are as follows:

Our - notre (followed by singular) and nos (followed by a plural)

Your - votre (singular) and vos (plural)

Their - leur (singular) and leurs (plural)

(W 105) --- 9.9 -- Adjectifs possessifs; personnes du pluriel

Following the example

We have some sisters. They are married.

Our sisters are married.

combine the two sentences using the appropriate for of our (notre, nos), your (votre, vos), or their (leur, leurs).

* Exercise 9

(W 105) --- 9.10 -- Adjectifs possessifs; personnes du pluriel

Change the sentences following the example.

You are playing an idiotic game.

Your game is idiotic.

* Exercise 10

(W 106) --- 9.11 -- Adjectifs possessifs; personnes du pluriel

Insert the appropriate form of the possessive adjectives.

You have a very indulgent father.

Your father is very indulgent.

* Exercise 11

(W 110) --- 9.30 -- Possessifs

Complete the sentences with the appropriate form of the possessive adjective. Follow the example.

Mireille has a very nice mother.

Her mother is very nice.

* Exercise 30

(W 106) --- 9.12 -- Observation: Destination, attribution, jeu; à la, à l', au, aux

We have already been using the combinations of à (to, at) and the (le, l', la, les) to indicate destinations, locations, and attributions. We must also use these combinations following the verb jouer (to play) when it is followed by a game (un jeu).

(W 106) --- 9.13 -- Attribution; à la, à l', au, aux

In this exercise we learn that there are things that certain people don't have. Using the expression donnons (let's give), we will indicate that we are going to give these things to the people in question. Follow the example.

The young people don't have a family.

Let's give a family to the young people.

* Exercise 13

(W 106) --- 9.14 -- Jeu; à la, à l', au, aux

Here we are going to use the expression jouons (let's play) followed by the name of the game. We must use à la, à l', au, aux following the verb jouer.

* Exercise 14

(W 106) --- 9.15 -- Observation: Faire du sport/jouer à un jeu

Here it is again. The verb faire + du, de la, de l', or des is used with sports and activities and the verb jouer + au, à la, à l', or aux is used with games. Note that in the case of a sport which is also a game, either construction may be used. For example:

Mireille joue au tennis. (Mireille plays tennis.)

Mireille fait du tennis. Mireille does some tennis.)

In the box we find activities ...

Mireille does some skiing.
She does some swimming.
She does some fencing.

and games ...

Let's play lotto.
They play pinochle.

Let's play checkers.

(W 107) --- 9. 16 -- Faire du sport/ jouer à un jeu

Answer the questions using the verbs faire and jouer as is appropriate.

* Exercise 16

(W 107) --- 9.17 -- A la, à l', au

Complete the sentences with the appropriate form à la, à l', au to give the meaning to the or at the.

* Exercise 17

(W 111) --- 9.31 -- Jouer à un jeu / faire du sport

Answer the questions using jouer and faire.

* Exercise 31

(W 107) --- 9.18 -- Observation: Pronoms personnels accentués (stress pronouns)

  1. outside the main sentence to emphasize the subject: me, you, him, her, us, you, them. (first two columns)
  2. in single word responses: me, you, him, her, us, you, them.
  3. following prepositions, in this case the preposition à to show possession: à moi (to me, mine), à toi (to you, yours), à lui (to him, his), à elle (to her, hers), etc.

(W 108) --- 9.20 -- Pronoms accentués

In this exercise the stress pronoun is used to show whose turn it is.

Georges va faire le portrait suivant. C'est à lui.

Georges is going to do the following portrait. It's his turn (to him).

Do the rest of the sentences in the same manner using the appropriate stress pronoun.

* Exercise 20

(W 111) --- 9.32 -- Pronoms accentués

In this exercise the stress pronoun is used for the single work answer instead of using a sentence.

Vous allez au cinéma. Et moi? --- Toi aussi.

You (plural) are going to the movies. And me? --- You (fam.) too.

Do the rest of the exercise in the same manner.

* Exercise 32

(W 108) --- 9.21, 9.22, 9.23 -- Quelqu'un, une personne, ne ... personne

All three of these charts deal with the same vocabulary

Quelqu'un = someone

Une personne = a person

But personne used with the negative (ne _______ personne) ... means no one and gives us one more negative to go with those we have already had.

Ne __________pas = not

Ne __________ jamais = never

Ne __________ rien = nothing

Ne __________ plus = no more, no longer

Ne __________ personne = no one, not anyone

So, in the boxes we have

C'est quelqu'un. = It's someone.
C'est une personne. = It's a person.
Il y a deux personnes. = There are two people.
Il y a trente personnes.= There are thirty people.
Il y a quelqu'un. = There is someone.
Il n'y a personne. = There is no one.
Je ne vois personne. = I don't see anyone. I see no one.

(W 109) --- 9.24 -- Quelqu'un, personne

I'll deal just with the examples here.

Il y a quelqu'un.? --- Oui, il y a quelqu'un

Vous voyez quelqu'un? --- Oui, je vois trois personnes.

Vous voyez quelqu'un? --- Non, je ne vois personne.

And in English.

There is someone? --- Yes, there is someone.

You see someone? --- Yes, I see three people.

You see someone? --- No, I don't see anyone.

(W 109) --- 9.25 -- Pleuvoir, pleurer

Pleuvoir = to rain (conjugated only in the il form).

Pleurer = to cry (a regular -er verb)

(W 109) --- 9.26 -- Pleuvoir, pleurer

The key in this exercise is to understand the meaning of what you see. The choice between a form of pleuvoir and a form of pleurer will be clear. In addition, if the subject is anything other than il, you must use pleurer.

Figure out what is being said, and then insert the correct form of the appropriate verb.

* Exercise 26

(W 109) --- 9.27 -- Observation: Il reste; il en reste

The verb rester = to stay or remain. With the impersonal il suject, it takes on the meaning of something remaining or being left. The en can be translated as some, any, or of them. Thus, the sentences in the box have the following meanings:

Il reste des galettes? = Are any cookies left?

Il reste des galettes. = Some cookies remain (are left). There are some cookies left.

Il en reste. = There are some left.

Il est reste deux galettes. = There are two cookies left.

Il en reste deux. = There are two of them left.

(W 110) --- 9.28 -- Observation: Il ne reste pas, il n'en reste pas

More of the same type thing ---

Il reste des galettes? = Are any cookies left?

Il ne reste pas de galettes. = There aren't any cookies left.

Il n'en reste pas. = There aren't left.

Il n'en reste plus. = There are no longer any left.