FREN 105 -- The Plan

  France

Leçon 6

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Révision

Mise en oeuvre

Text

Images

Workbook

Being/appearance

Adjectives

Faire du sport

Submit the exercises marked with an asterisk (*).

Révision

Of course, we must pay attention to the review process. You will be expected to translate the questions and answers from the previous lessons into French.

* Leçon 6 --- Review -- Questions and answers in English

Leçon 6 --- Révision -- Questions et réponses en français

Text

Read the story line in the text and refer to the vocabulary as needed. On an exam, you should be able to give the English equivalent of anything found in the story line.

Leçon 6 - Text Vocabulary

Leçon 6 - Text Translation

Mise en oeuvre

There are also, of course, questions covering the leçon 6 story line. The Mise en oeuvre section concentrates on the description of Mireille. In this lesson, however, I won't be giving you questions and answers to translate. You will be expected to be able to give the French equivalent of the following description. Your exam materials will be taken from the following.

* Leçon 6 -- Description in English

Leçon 6 --- Déscription en français

Workbook

We also need to consider several exercises in the workbook. Again, I will provide discussions of the exercises and links to the answers and English equivalents. Selected exercises will appear on your exam. Check the exam description for details.

 Images

Darn! We don't have a set of pictures with this lesson.

(W 61) --- 6.7 -- Observation: L'être et l'apparence; avoir l'air/être (being and appearance)

When we use the verb être, we are, of course, talking about the way things are. When we use the expression avoir l'air, we are talking about how things seem or appear. To seem or appear is the literally to have the air in French. So, in the box of examples we have the first part telling us how things seem (appear, look), and the second part telling us how things are.

He seems (looks, appears) nice ... but he isn't nice. (gentil = nice, not gentle)
She seems nice ... but she isn't nice.
He looks athletic ... but he isn't athletic.
She looks athletic ... but she isn't athletic.
They look athletic ... but they aren't athletic.

Note that the adjective used with appearance (avoir l'air) is in the masculine form because it is referring to the masculine word air and not to the subject of the sentence. With the verb être, the adjective can be masculine, feminine, singular, because it refers to the subject, he, she, they.

(W 61) --- 6.8 -- Avoir l'air/être

Each sentence in the exercise indicates how things appear. Verify these observations with the verb être.

Answers

English equivalents

* Exam page

(W 62) --- 6.9 -- Avoir l'air/être et négation

This exercise is similar to 6.8, but this time we are going to indicate that the contrary is true; things are not what they seem.

Answers

English equivalents

* Exam page

(W 62) --- 6.10 -- Avoir l'air, être, négation

Again we are talking about being and appearance. Your task here is to figure out what is being said and to insert the appropriate word or words in the blanks to complete the expressions.

Answers

English equivalents

* Exam page

(W 62) --- 6.11 -- Observation: Adjectives; formes masculines et féminines.

This section is largely review. We have spent plenty of time on masculine and feminine forms in previous lessons. However, there are a few new twists here. Note those adjectives whose feminine form is something other than the masculine form plus an e. Make sure that you know the meaning of all of these adjectives. All of the vocabulary here is used in the text.

(W 64) --- 6.17 -- Observation: Description de la personne

If we are simply describing a personne, we use the verb être and the appropriate masculine or feminine adjective, as is demonstrated in the right side of the box.

Elle est blonde. = She is blond.
Elle est rousse. = She is red-headed.
Elle est mince. = She is thin.
Elle est grande. = She is tall.
Elle est vive. = She is lively.

Things are a bit different, however, is we are describing some part of an individual's body. Notice that we don't say in French that She has blond hair. We use the definite article (the) and the verb avoir, and say She has the hair blond. The adjective is masculine plural here (blonds) because it is referring to the hair, which in French in masculine and plural (les cheveux). This construction is demonstrated in the left side of the box.

Elle a les cheveux blonds. = She has blond hair. (She has the hairs blond.)
Elle a les cheveux roux. = She has red hair. (She has the hairs red.)
Elle a la taille mince. = She has a thin waist. (She has the waist thin.)
Elle a les jambes longues. = She has long legs. (She has the legs long.)
Elle a l'esprit vif. = She has a lively spirit. (She has the spirit lively.)

(W 64) --- 6.18 -- Observation: Exceptions à la règle d'accord (exceptions to the rule of agreement)

The sentences in the top half of the box follow the rules.

Elle a les cheveux blonds. = She has blond hair. (blonds agrees with masculine, plural hair)
Elle est blonde. = She is blond. (blonde argrees with she.
Elle a les doigts fins. = She has slender fingers. (fins agrees with masculine, plural fingers)
Ella a les jambes longues. = She has long legs. (longues arees with feminine, plural legs)

In the bottom half of the box, however, we don't have an s on either châtain or marron, both of which mean chestnut-colored. Adjectives which are based on objects in nature (un châtain, un marron) are invariable, that is, they don't take a feminine or plural form.

Elle a les cheveux châtain. = She has brown (chestnut-colored) hair.
Elle a les yeux marron. = She has brown (chestnut-colored) eyes.

(W 64) --- 6.19 -- Adjectifs

Put the correct form of the appropriate adjective in each blank. Look for this exercise in its present form on the exam.

Answers

English equivalents

* Exam page

(W 65) --- 6.20 -- Portrait

In this exercise we are going to do the portrait of Mireille. Fill in the blanks of the exercise based on the English sentences.

English sentences

Answers

* Exam page

(W 65) --- 6.21 -- Observation: Aimer le sport/faire du sport

In French, when we like a sport or activity, we have to say that we like the sport. When we are doing that sport or activity, we have to say that we are doing (verb faire) some sport or activity. In the examples box, the du, de la, and de l' are the expressions that we use for some.

Elle aime le ski. = She likes skiing.
Elle fait du ski. = She does some skiing.

Elle aime l'aviron. = She likes rowing.
Elle fait de l'aviron. = She does some rowing.

Elle aime la voile. = She likes sailing.
Elle fait de la voile. = She does some sailing.

Elle aime l'escalade. = She likes climbing.
Elle fait de l'escalade. = She does some climbing.

(W 65) --- 6.22 -- Observation: Du, de la, de'l/pas de, pas d'

Remember back in lesson 5 when we used de (d') instead of un, une, and des after a negative verb. We do the same thing here. Du, de la, and de l' all become de or d' after the negative.

Elle fait du ski. = She does some skiing.
Elle ne fait pas de ski. = She doesn't do any skiing.

Elle fait de l'aviron. = She does some rowing.
Elle ne fait pas d'aviron. = She doesn't do any rowing.

Elle fait de la voile. = She does some rowing.
Elle ne fait pas de voile. = She doesn't do any rowing.

Elle fait de l'escalade. = She does some climbing.
Elle ne fait pas d'escalade. = She doesn't do any climbing.

(W 66) --- 6.23 -- Observation: Present of the verb faire (to do, to make)

Il faut faire du sport. = It is necessary to do some sports. (One must do some sports.)

Je fais du sport. = I do some sports.
Tu fais de la natation? = You do some swimming?
Elle fait du ski. = She does some skiing.
Ils font de la voile. = They do some sailing.
Nous faisons de l'alpinsime. = We do some mountain climbing.
Vous faites du deltaplane? = You do some hang-gliding?

(W 66) --- 6.24 -- Faire du sport

The sentence you see tells what people like. The sentence you create will tell what people do.

Answers

English equivalents

* Exam page

(W 66) --- 6.25 -- Aimer le sport/faire du sport

Fill in the blanks to indicate what people like and what they do.

Answers

English equivalents

* Exam page

(W 69) --- 6.34 -- Verbe faire; du, de la, de l', pas de, pas d'

The first sentence tells what people like. Complete the second sentence to indicate that they either do or don't do that sport or activity.

Answers

English equivalents

* Exam page