FREN 105 -- The Plan

France

Leçon 5

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This Plan will tell you what I want you to turn in as homework. Send me those pages marked with an asterisk (*).

Révision

Text

Mise en oeuvre

Images

Workbook

Avoir

Imperatives

Necessity

Negation

 

 

 

Révision

Of course, we must pay attention to the review process. You will be expected to translate the questions and answers from the previous lessons into French.

* Leçon 5 --- Review -- Questions and answers in English

Leçon 5 --- Revision -- Questions et réponses en français

Text

Read the story line in the text and refer to the vocabulary as needed. On an exam, you should be able to give the English equivalent of anything found in the story line.

Leçon 5 - Text Vocabulary

Text translation

I suggest that you practice putting the English translation back into French; however, I do not expect you to send me that translation work as a homework assignment.

Mise en oeuvre

We will also have, of course, questions covering the leçon 5 story line. The Mise en oeuvre section concentrates on the major elements of the story, and you will be expected to be able to give the French equivalent of the story line questions and answers. Your exam materials will be taken from the following.

Leçon 5 -- Questions in English

* Leçon 5 -- Questions and answers in English

Leçon 5 -- Questions en français

Leçon 5 -- Questions et réponses en français

Images

As usual, you will be expected to describe the pictures in the workbook. (W 46) Click on Images for the French descriptions and the English equivalents.

* Images

Workbook

 (page 49) --- 5.12 -- Observation: present tense of avoir (to have)

What are the forms of avoir? You see them in the box. What do the example sentences mean? Peek below.

J'ai un prénom. = I have a first name.
Tu as des amis. = You (familiar) have some friends.
Mireille a deux soeurs. = Mireille has two sisters.
Ils ont une fille. = They have a daughter.
Nous avons le temps. = We have the time.
Vous avez des enfants? = You (formal) have some children?

(page 49) --- 5.13 -- Verb avoir

Answer the questions in the affirmative using the verb avoir. Check below for the correct answers, the English equivalents, and the exam version of this exercise.

Answers

English equivalents

* Exam page

(page 49) --- 5.14 -- Observation: Matters of age

Notice some very important differences between French and English when we are talking about how old people are. In French we use the verb have, not the verb be. We don't ask how old someone is; we ask what age the person has. And we don't say that the person is a certain number of years old, but that the individual has a certain number of years. Note the samples sentences in the boxes.

Quel âge a Cécile? = What age has Cécile.
Oh, elle a vingt et un ou vingt-deux ans. = Oh, she has twenty-one or twenty-two years.

In the second box, note that we use the vert être (be) when indicating that people are young or old. However, we use the verb avoir (have) when talking about specific age.

Mireille est jeune. = Mireille is young.
Cécile est plus âgée. = Cécile is older (more aged).

Elle a 18 ans. = She is eighteen. (She has eighteen years.)
Elle a 21 ou 22 ans. = She is 21 or 22. (She has 21 or 22 years.)

(page 49) --- 5.15 -- Matters of age

Tell how old everyone is by putting the correct form of avoir in the blanks. I will also want you to be able to recreate the French sentences from the English equivalents. Check out everything below.

Answers

English equivalents

* Exam page (French)

* Exam page (English)

(page 50) --- 5.18 and 5.19 -- Observations: Imperative of -er verbs

Study the discussion about the imperatives (command forms). The tu and vous imperatives are comparable to the imperative in English where we simply drop the you and we have a command form.

Vous parlez. (You speak.) becomes Parlez. (Speak)

The major difference is in the nous imperative. In French, the nous form of the verb by itself corresponds to the Let's... construction in English.

Nous parlons. (We speak) becomes Parlons. (Let's speak.)

 (page 51) --- 5.20, 5.21. 5.22 -- Imperatives

(page 55) --- 5.38 -- Imperatives

Complete the following assignment pages for these imperative exercises. The answers to these exercises are not provided.

* Exercise 20

* Exercise 21

* Exercise 22

* Exercise 38

(page 51) --- 5.23 -- Observation: Necessity; il faut + infinitive

Il faut. = It is necessary. One must.

Il faut is followed by the infinitive form of the verb. Note the examples in the box.

Il faut donner. = It is necessary to give. One must give.
Il faut écouter. = It is necessary to listen. One must listen.
Il faut voir. = It is necessary to see. One must see.
Il faut savoir le français. = It is necessary to know French. One must know French.
Il faut avoir le temps. = It is necessary to have the time. One must have the time.
Il faut être poli. = It is necessary to be polite. One must be polite.
Il faut comprendre. = It is necessary to understand. One must understand.
Il faut choisir. = It is necessary to choose. One must choose.

(pages 51-52) --- 5.24 and 5.25

Work out exercises 24 and 25 which also involve the imperative. Write the English equivalents of both the original French sentence and the sentences or phrases that you create.

* Exercise 24

* Exercise 25

(page 52) --- 5.26 -- Il faut + infinitive

Read the sentences carefully and add the infinitive that will produce a meaningful statement. Check the English equivalents if you aren't sure what should be said.

* Exercise 26

English equivalents

(page 53) --- 5.31 -- Negation

Note that in negative expressions, un, une, and des are usually replaced by de (d').There is no particular logic to this; that's just the way it is. De occasionally happens!

(page 55) --- 5.39 -- Negation

Answer the questions in the negative.

* Exercise 39

English equivalents