Animal Farm
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oinkoink.gif (621 bytes) Biographical Perspective oinkoink.gif (621 bytes) Quotes
oinkoink.gif (621 bytes) Historical Perspective oinkoink.gif (621 bytes) Assignments
oinkoink.gif (621 bytes) Animal Farm - the story oinkoink.gif (621 bytes) As Allegory
oinkoink.gif (621 bytes) Literary Perspective oinkoink.gif (621 bytes) As Fable & Satire
oinkoink.gif (621 bytes) Projects & Essay oink2.gif (581 bytes) 10th Home Page

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Biographical Perspective

author - Eric Blair pen name - George Orwell (1903-1950)
publications Animal Farm
  short stories
philosophy socialist
     hated totalitarianism
     critical of communism
     offended by communism overtaking socialism
   Animal Farm in protest to expose corruption of ideal


Historical Perspective
Based on the Russian revolution of 1917
Names to know Karl Marx developed theory of socialism
believed in classless society
method of change - revolution by proletariat
dictatorship with worker owned industry
"from each according to his ability; to each according to his need"
Leon Trotsky political  and military leader
Vladimir Lenin political leader
Joseph Stalin successor to Lenin
Russia prior to 1917

ruled by despotic czars and elite wealthy

bourgeoisie (upper middle class) owners unhappy
W.W.I brings hardships - poverty
bourgeoisie overthrow czars and set up pseudo democracy - doesn't work
control still in hands of wealthy landowning upper middle class
working class (proletariat) unrest
1917 Bolshevik Revolution October 1917 political proletariat leader Lenin returns to country after years of exile
revolutionary and political leader Leon Trotsky returns after exile - becomes leader of Red Army
White Army - Russians sympathetic to Czar and bourgeoisie
Red Army victorious - 4 year civil war
U.S.S.R. after war, Russia becomes Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics
  1924 Lenin dies
  struggle for power between new political leader Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky
  Stalin wins - Trotsky expelled, declared traitor by Stalin
  Trotsky fleas to Mexico - assassinated 1940
  Stalin gains power
  1930 arrests and public trials of anyone thought to be disloyal - thousands killed - all opposition eliminated

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Important Stuff - ideas/quotes

According to George To rewrite history is to control both the past and the future.
  "Political language . . . Is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable and to give an appearance of solidarity to pure wind."
  The struggle for power exists in any society in which the people at large have no voice.
Karl says . . . "Hunger, hardship and disappointment are unalterable facts of life, but man must continue to struggle to change them.
  "Good will, good intentions, and ideals and common decency are not enough."
Quotable Quotes
"The world wants to be deceived." - Sebastian Brant
"Power is much more easily manifested in destroying than in creating." - Wm. Wordsworth
"The present contains nothing more than the past, and what is found in the effect was already in the cause." - Henri Bergson

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Daily work Prior to reading, select an animal based only on the name. As we read adopt the perosona of that animal and create daily response journal entries of a half page per day, commenting on the activities in the chapter and adding your thoughts and reactions as if you were the selected animal. Journals will be turned in and graded when the reading is finished.
Work sheets Students will receive a packet of handouts which must be finished at the completion of the reading and handed in for a grade.
Readings Students will read approximately one to two chapters per night completing journal entries after each chapter.  We will discuss the chapters in class.
Quizzes & Tests Periodic surprise reading quizzes may be given. Students will prove their mastery of the material on a final test over the story and concepts.

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"All power corrupts; absolute power corrupts absolutely." - Lord Afton

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